Brazilian Portuguese Consonants Pronunciation

Below in the chart the main rules for the consonants pronunciation in Brazilian Portuguese. For helping you, see the vídeo with the pronunciation of this Portuguese words

Consonants

Letter Listen to this words on the movie below Rule
c café
coffee
c before a, o, u is pronounced as in cat
ce, ci cego
blind
ibefore e or i, as in sit
ç raça
race
ç is pronounced as in sit
ch chave
key
ch is pronounced as in shock
d data
date (time)
as in English
de, di difícil, cidade
difficult, city
d before an i sound or final unstressed e is pronounced as in judge
g gado
cattle
g before a, o, u as in gap
ge, gi ria
slang
g before e or i, as s in leisure
h hora
hour
h is always silent in Portuguese
j justiça
justice
j is pronounced as s in leisure
l limpo
clean
as in English
l total
total
l after a vowel tends to become w
lh trabalho
work
lh is pronounced like the lli in million
m animal, massa
animal, dough
as in English
m trabalham
v. work conjugated
m at the end of a syllable preceded by a vowel and followed by a consonant, nasalizes the preceding vowel
n nadar
to swim
as in English
descansar
to rest
n at the end of a syllable preceded by a vowel and followed by a consonant, nasalizes the preceding vowel
nh tamanho
size
nh is pronounced like the ni in onion
q queijo
cheese
qu before i is pronounced as in kick
q quanto
how much/many
qu before a or o and sometimes qu before e as in cinquenta is pronounced as in queen
-r- compra
the buy
r preceded by a consonant – except n – and followed by a vowel is pronounced with a single trill
-r- hora
hour
r preceded by a vowel and followed by a vowel like American flap t in city
r-,-r-, rr rato, carro
mouse, car
initial r, r followed by a consonant and rr are pronounced similar to the Scottish ch in loch
-r pintar
to paint
word-final r before a word beginning with a consonant or at the end of a sentence is pronounced [x]; before a word beginning with a vowel it is pronounced [r]. In the colloquial speech this variable sound is often not pronounced
s- sol
sun
as in English
-s- mesa
table
intervocalic s is pronounced as in rose
-s-, -s livros, desmaio
books, faint
s before b, c, f, d, g, l, m, n, r, and v, as in plus
-ss- nosso
our
ss is pronounced with the same sound of ç as in the c in sit
t todo
the whole
as in English
te, ti tipo
kind or variety
t followed by an i sound or final unstressed e is pronounced as ch in cheer
x- xarope
cough syrup
initial x or x before a consonant – except c – is pronounced as ch as in shock
-xce-, -xci- exceto
except
x before ce or ci is unpronounced
ex- ex-jogador
ex-player
x in the prefix ex (meaning former) is pronounced as z in squeeze
-x- relaxar, fixo, auxiliar
to relax, fixed (firm), auxiliary
x in any other position may be pronounced in the same way of ch as in shock or as in axe or sail
z-, -z- zodíaco
the zodiac
as in English
z- juiz
judge
final z is pronounced like some final s as in plus
b, f, k, p, v, w are pronounced as in English

Note: the accent on the movie is from Brazil Southeast region (the same of São Paulo and Rio), particularly from Minas Gerais State. This is just a note, there aren`t great differences between the accents in Brazil which can reduce the understanding.

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